Floor joists are the framing components which support a house’s finish floor and subflooring. Joists are usually 2 x 10 or 2 x 12 inch lumber. A newer product, engineered wood i-joists, can create stronger and more reliable floors, since they eliminate the effects of shrinkage seen in traditional joists. Joists are typically installed at a spacing of 16 apart from each other, center to center. The joists are fastened to the foundation at the sill plate.
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The sill plate, also known as sole plate, is the first member of a house’s wood frame to be installed in platform framing. The sill plate consists of 2 by 4 or 2 by 8 pieces of lumber attached over the concrete slab perimeter or foundation wall via holes drilled to accommodate the J anchor bolts which are fixed in the foundation.
Building codes mandate that sill plates be treated with a wood rot resistant preservative. This is because the sill plate comes in direct contact with concrete, which holds moisture. The preservative, which is injected into the wood through heat and pressure at the factory or lumber mill, gives the lumber a dark greenish or brown tint.
Hiring a contractor for home improvements, renovations or remodeling projects is a safe, cost effective way to add value to your house. The process of finding a reliable contractor should always include checking references and qualifications. In addition, contractors are required to carry various levels of liability insurance, depending on local provincial or state laws.
There are other types of insurance coverage and protection you can ask the contractor to have as well when you draw up your contract. Consult an attorney and a reputable insurance agent when deciding on what insurance requirements you add into your home improvement contract.
When considering a home remodeling project, most people think about how much value they can add to their home’s eventual selling price. While this is good money management, it fails to take into account the intangible return on your money they get from the enhanced quality of their home life.
Maybe you are planning adding an outdoor deck. Statistics from the past few years tell us that you will get about 85% of the cost of the new deck back in the form of a higher market value for your property. But what about all the relaxation, socializing and enjoyment you will get?
Space in houses has always been, and continues to be at a premium. Traditionally, clothing was stored in stand-alone tall cabinets called wardrobes, or armoires. This fine piece of furniture contained drawers and a tall hanging space. These days, it is standard practice for homes to have built-in closets in bedrooms. So much so, that some building codes define a room as a bedroom if it has one or more closets.