Gable: The triangular area of a wall between the slopes of a double-shaped roof, or the part of the wall between the slop of a single sloped roof and a line projected horizonatally through the lowest elevation of the roof structure. Gable roofs are also just about the worst type of roof to have in hurricane regions, as not only do gable roofs easily peel off in hurricane winds, but according to one Hurricane Survival Guide book, a gable end “catches wind like a sail.”
Facade: generally one side of the exterior of a building, especially the front, but also sometimes the sides and rear. The word comes from the French language, literally meaning “frontage” or “face”
Face: a piece of lumber’s wide surface; also refers to the wide surface showing the better quality or appearance
Face Nail: a nail driven in perpendicular to a piece’s surface
Factory Lumber: lumber intended to be cut up for use in further manufacture. Graded on the percentage of the area which will produce a limited number of cuutings of a specified size and quality.
Fading: loss of color in wood, usually from exposure to UV light.
Eased Edge: lumber with corners slightly rounded or shaped, to a slight radius; lumber less than 4 inches in thickness is usually made with eased edges. Abbreviated as EE
Eaves: lower part of the roof projecting over an exterior wall; also called overhang.
Edge Banding: the strips of veneer used to cover exposed edges of manufactured panels such as plywood or other composite; comes in rolls, available with pre-applied adhesive or without.
Edge Joint: joinery technique where two pieces of wood are joined edge to edge; usually fastened with glue.
Dado: a slot or trench cut into the surface of a piece of wood. When viewed in cross-section, a dado has three sides. A dado is cut across, or perpendicular to, the grain and is thus differentiated from a groove which is cut with, or parallel to, the grain.
Dead Load: the weight of the permanent stationary construction elements in a building.
Calipers: a tool used to measure the distance between two symmetrically opposing sides. Used where acess by a measuring stick is not possible, or where grater accuracy is required.
Camber: slight arch in a beam or any horizontal member, preventing it from from bending downward in a concave shape due to vertical loading or it’s own weight.
Canted: angled or leaning. In architecture, a part, or segment, of a facade which is at an angle to another part of the same facade.
Cantilever: In general, any beam supported on only one end. In carpentry, a horizontal projection from a building, such as a blacony or canopy, having no external supporting members.