If you are looking to renovate your basement into a comfortable, livable space, you will probably be working with the bare essentials. In order to begin to transform your basement into a nice living areas, you will want to look into framing basement walls for installing drywall and making your house into a home.
Make sure that you are framing your basement walls in 2×4 construction, just like any other of the interior walls in your house. This leaves room to add the insulation that you will need in order to keep your basement area nice and warm during the winter. If you are not concerned about keeping the basement warm, you can attached furring strips on the perimeter walls.
Framing internal walls is simple, and you can start by building the wall on the floor. Once the wall is complete, you can raise it into place. Because of the variations is basements though, you shouldn’t build the wall to fit.
Instead, you should build a little bit shorter than what you will need and shim the wall into place. This will help you to have an easier time raising the wall between the ceiling and floor of your basement area.
Shimming the wall into place also helps those houses that are built on clay soil. This will give to the possibility of the floor moving up and down slightly. This will be based on the water content in the ground, so there is a chance that it could change at any time.
L-shaped steel framing clips are also recommended for basements built on clay soil. These will allow the walls to breathe and still give your wall the necessary support that you need.
Stick build walls are another option for those who are looking to frame basement walls. To create this type of wall, begin by nailing the top plate perpendicular to the floor joists.
Then you will secure a bottom plate to the concrete floor. This will need to be done with concrete nails and an adhesive substance.
Since the bottom will be touching concrete and can wick moisture over time, you should always use pressure treated lumber to avoid and water damage later on. Make sure that the top and bottom line up correctly with a plumb line.
2×4 studs should be installed every 16 inches along the plates. Floor to ceiling measurements will vary from each spot, so make sure to measure for every piece of lumber your are installing.
If you are planning on installing drywall on the ceiling, you will essentially need to build another wall along the ceiling for the drywall to be attached to. You can do this by installing 1×3 strapping if there are not pipes or wires hanging down.
Also, if you have duct work to build around, soffits are essentially built the same way. You will need to frame out the duct work, then add the drywall on top.