Good garden soil composition is the dream of any gardening enthusiast. But it is not just a case of an overnight change in soil; to improve your soil structure demands a great deal of time and effort, not to mention planning and know how. In this article, I will elaborate on some of the key points necessary for ensuring your soil composition is a conducive to plant growth as it can possibly be.
Identifying and Improving your Soil Type
Identifying your current soil is the first step towards creating good garden soil composition. Traditionally, soil can be categorised as either of three types, namely clay, sand or loam. The best type of soil for growth is generally a combination of loam and either clay or sand, with any pure soil type hindering the root uptake of water and nutrients.
Clay soils are particularly finely granulated and tend to retain water in their densely packed wet state, making plant growth difficult. If you have got clay soil in your back garden, try adding sand, or some organic matter. This will improve the overall standard of the soil, and the decomposition of the organic material will add a richness and nutrient quality to the soil, which will promote plant growth.
For organic matter, look no further than straw. Straw is ideal for use in your garden, as it promotes increased biological soil activity, as well as improving the texture of the soil. It is also relatively cheap, and provides a consistent result every time it is used, making it the perfect choice for any clay soil.
Another good factor to investigate when it comes to your soil is th pH count. This measures the acidity or alkalinity of the soil, which allows you to determine its potential growth properties. You are looking to avoid soils which have extreme counts (that is beyond the limiters of pH4 and pH9), and you are ideally looking for somewhere in the middle.
To balance out the pH, add limestone to soil to increase alkalinity (where acidity is too strong), and add iron sulphate to increase acidity (where alkalinity is too strong).
Reasons for Good Soil
It is imperative to achieve good garden soil composition in order to promote effective growth. Whether it is those prize marigolds, or potatoes to accompany a traditional dinner, it is vital to blend your soil to improve plant growth. By ensuring the correct blend of soil, you are effectively ensuring the plants have the optimum conditions in which to grow.
The soil is the source of all the plants nutrients and water supply, and any radical soil imbalances will hinder this process, subsequently affecting growth. There are numerous ways to improve your soil, and if you are interested in learning more, there are a variety of books and websites dedicated to the topic.
Alternatively, a good source of information would be an employee at a local garden store. These people are usually keen gardeners themselves, and are usually very experienced and knowledgeable.
So there you go, good garden soil composition may not be as impossible as you thought. However, it does need a good deal of time and effort to get it just right, but believe me, it really is worth it in the end, when you achieve more growth and better looking plants.