What Is Millwork?

Ornate Interior MillworkA common mistake made by the DIY/home enthusiast regarding the question - what is millwork, is that it refers to woodmill produced artifacts; which could be anything from doors and window frames to baseboards and mantels. However, for the DIY/home enthusiast wanting to work with millwork the term will invariable be applied to things like crown molding, dentils, fascias and other custom interior finish details..

Beams and Floor Joist Spans

Floor joists are the framing components which support a house’s finish floor and subflooring. Joists are usually 2 x 10 or 2 x 12 inch lumber. A newer product, engineered wood i-joists, can create stronger and more reliable floors, since they eliminate the effects of shrinkage seen in traditional joists. Joists are typically installed at a spacing of 16 apart from each other, center to center. The joists are fastened to the foundation at the sill plate.

Sill Plates

The sill plate, also known as sole plate, is the first member of a house’s wood frame to be installed in platform framing. The sill plate consists of 2 by 4 or 2 by 8 pieces of lumber attached over the concrete slab perimeter or foundation wall via holes drilled to accommodate the J anchor bolts which are fixed in the foundation.

Wood Paneling

Adding wood paneling to a room can do far more than only add a touch of class and opulence to a room. If the surface of the walls is particularly old and uneven you could fit wood paneling from floor to ceiling to create a brand new clean and flat surface.

Alternatively, you could put the wood paneling just part way up the wall to act as a feature in the room that can also hide any unsightly heating ducts and provide a flush finish for any wall mounted electrical outlets.

Choosing Wood Paneling

Board and Batten Siding

Yellow Bungalow with Board and Batten SidingMost wooden siding is installed as horizontal planks, but board and batten siding is installed with the planks vertically oriented. Board and batten siding gives a home a rustic appearance; the reason it gives a rustic appearance is probably because it is used traditionally for barn exteriors, and is sometimes called Barn Board and Batten, also Board and Batt. It looks particularly good on ranch style houses, at least to me.