Carpentry Glossary - S

Glossary Index

Saddle: small gable type of roof located in the rear of a chimney on sloping roofs to aloow water and debris to shed away.

Sapwood: layers of wood adjacent to the bark of the tree. More prone to decay than heartwood, although not any weaker or stronger.

Sash: The secondary part of a window which holds the glazing in place; may be operable or fixed; usually constructed of horizontal and vertical members; sash may be subdivided with muntins.

Sawn Veneer: any veneer cut from timber with a saw rather than peeled away, as in making rotary cut veneer.

Carpentry Glossary - R

Glossary Index

Woodworking RabbetRabbet: (also known as rebate) a recess or groove cut into the edge of a piece of machineable material, usually wood. When viewed in cross-section, a rabbet is a two-sided L shaped channel, open to the edge or end of the surface into which it is cut, which can be used to join the piece to another.

Carpentry Glossary - P

Glossary Index

Palladian Window: A three-part window opening with a tall, round-arched center window flanked by smaller rectangular windows and separated by posts or pilasters.

Wooden PalletPallet: a flat transport structure that supports goods in a stable fashion while being lifted by a forklift, pallet jack, front loader or other jacking device. A pallet is the structural foundation of a unit load which allows handling and storage efficiencies. Goods or shipping containers are often placed on a pallet secured with strapping, stretch wrap or shrink wrap and shipped.

Carpentry Glossary - O

Glossary Index

Ogee: a molding with an ogee-shaped profile, consisting (going from low to high) of a concave arc flowing into a convex arc, with vertical ends; an alternative name for such a molding is cyma reversa; talon is also used.

Oilcloth: heavy cotton or linen cloth with a linseed oil coating, semi-water-proof.

Oilstone: a type of fine grade blade shapening and honing stone One of the natural minerals commonly used in oilstones is Novaculite.

On Center: indicates the spacing of framing members; the measurement from the center of one member to the center of the nearest member.

Carpentry Glossary - N

Glossary Index

Nail: a pin-shaped, sharp object of hard metal or alloy steel, used as a strong fastener. Nails for specialized purposes may often be dipped or coated to prevent corrosion in harsh conditions like weather or chemically treated wood. Nails hold materials together with friction in the axial direction and shear strength in lateral directions. The point of the nail is also sometimes bent over or clinched to prevent it from pulling out.

Nail Head: flat, enlarged top part of the nail that is struck by the hammer.

Nail Punch: hand tool consisting of a metal rod with a tapered head, used for setting nail heads below the surface of wood.