Carpentry Glossary - H

Glossary Index

Hardboard: a manufactured wood fiber panel, ranges in density from 50 to 80 lb. per cu. ft.

Header: a structural member that is horizontal supporting the load over an opening, for example over a door or window. Also known as a lintel.

Carpentry Glossary - G

Glossary Index

Gable ExampleGable: The triangular area of a wall between the slopes of a double-shaped roof, or the part of the wall between the slop of a single sloped roof and a line projected horizonatally through the lowest elevation of the roof structure. Gable roofs are also just about the worst type of roof to have in hurricane regions, as not only do gable roofs easily peel off in hurricane winds, but according to one Hurricane Survival Guide book, a gable end "catches wind like a sail."

Carpentry Glossary - F

Glossary Index

Facade: generally one side of the exterior of a building, especially the front, but also sometimes the sides and rear. The word comes from the French language, literally meaning "frontage" or "face"

Face: a piece of lumber's wide surface; also refers to the wide surface showing the better quality or appearance

Face Nail: a nail driven in perpendicular to a piece's surface

Factory Lumber: lumber intended to be cut up for use in further manufacture. Graded on the percentage of the area which will produce a limited number of cuutings of a specified size and quality.

Fading: loss of color in wood, usually from exposure to UV light.

Carpentry Glossary - E

Glossary Index

Eased Edge: lumber with corners slightly rounded or shaped, to a slight radius; lumber less than 4 inches in thickness is usually made with eased edges. Abbreviated as EE

Eaves: lower part of the roof projecting over an exterior wall; also called overhang.

Edge Banding: the strips of veneer used to cover exposed edges of manufactured panels such as plywood or other composite; comes in rolls, available with pre-applied adhesive or without.

Edge Joint: joinery technique where two pieces of wood are joined edge to edge; usually fastened with glue.

Carpentry Glossary - D

Glossary Index

Detail of a Dado CutDado: a slot or trench cut into the surface of a piece of wood. When viewed in cross-section, a dado has three sides. A dado is cut across, or perpendicular to, the grain and is thus differentiated from a groove which is cut with, or parallel to, the grain.

Dead Load
: the weight of the permanent stationary construction elements in a building.