There are all sorts of differences in water systems meant for city water and ones made for well water. We will talk about typical well water systems and what you need to know about them. We also intend to provide you with some solutions for different well water problems that you may have if your home is fed with a well instead of with a city water supply system.
If you have a home without city water, chances are that you have or will need a well. There are many things you need to be aware of if you plan on owning a home with a well or if you need to install a well. You want to be sure your water is safe to drink and that your well meets your state’s local codes.
There is a non-profit organization that can help you find the right information regarding your well. The organization is called Water Systems Council and can be found online at http://www.watersystemscouncil.org/. There you will find important information about your well, such as state well codes and standards.
The basic household well consists of a deep hole in the ground with some type of liner and a well cap. Modern wells can be much more complex and have more parts. Some wells also have a pump built into them. Older wells however can often be a simple shaft drilled into the ground and lined with limestone or other rocks.
Old wells hardly provide any protection for your drinking water at all. If you have one of these sub-standard wells, it is recommended that you upgrade ASAP to avoid unsafe drinking water for your family. Alternatively, there are water filtration systems that can help too.
The next main ingredient involved in a well water system, is a water pump. A well is dug deep into the ground outside of the home, which means that the water has to be pumped up from the bottom of the well and into your home. Water pumps come in all types and sizes. You need to know how many gallons per hour (GPH) of water your household requires.
We looked at some pumps online and found that ½ horse power (HP) shallow well pumps that handle 385 GPH cost just over two hundred American dollars. These types are only good for wells that are 25 feet deep or less.
For deeper wells, we found out that you can get a 1/2 HP, deep well pump for as low as $200 as well. Again you will want to get some advice as to how many GPH or gallons per hour you need your pump to be able to handle before making a buy. If you are replacing a pump, write down the name and model number of the old one to take with you when you buy a new one.
There are also submersible pumps that actually go inside the well instead of above ground. All in all, there are several water pump options for your well water system, so be frugal and compare them against your needs and find what is best for your unique system.
A pressure tank is the next component of the well water system we want to bring to your attention. A pressure tank is used to relieve the pump from it’s load. If you do not have a pressure tank, your pump will shut on and off so often that it will eventually damage the pump.
A pressure tank added to your system will remedy the problem of the pump shutting on and off too often. It also helps maintain a steady water pressure for your home.
Water Filtration Systems
The next thing you must take into consideration, while planning a well water system for your home, is a water filtration system. There are dozens of different types of water filters on the market with new models being developed regularly.
Check with your local supplier to make sure you get a filter system that is right for your unique situation. Don’t know where to go? Check with the Water Systems Council mentioned above. They will help direct you to the correct place to get your water tested and help find a suitable filter according to your water’s test results.
Wait to test your water until the system is completely installed after the well has been purged and the installers say it is ready for use. Then have the water tested by a local lab to find out what contaminants you need to make sure get filtered out of your water. Then you will know what type of filter you need. Or at least you will have the information (water test results) to find out what filter you need.
There are a lot of possibilities when it comes to a well water system. Much of it depends of the age of the system and on whether you are building one completely from scratch or are adding on to an existing well.
Although it is beyond the scope of this article to discuss every possible situation, we do hope that we have helped give you a better idea of what all is involved in a well water system so that you can maintain your home’s system. Good luck with your next do it yourself project and have fun.